2021/12/28 18:08:00



Write an essay in response to the passage below. You should discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the passage and explain your reasons for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the author’s opinion might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. You should provide your own title and write about 800 words.

Are human beings more or less 

intelligent nowadays?

Ever since human beings evolved on Earth, they have been using their intelligence to make their lives easier. They have discovered natural laws, made tools, built facilities and adapted to their environment. Inventions and discoveries have liberated people from tedious work and with the assistance of technology in this information age, this process has been ever more accelerated.

Nevertheless, some argue that technological development has rendered humans lazier and ignorant. Throughout history most humans have had to do some manual work: from weaving cloth to repairing equipment. However, many people have gradually lost these skills as such work is increasingly done by machines. Artificial intelligence allows machines to perform even more intricate operations with pre-installed instructions. It is true that intelligent people are still masters of such technology so that some individuals will use their intelligence to develop and control machines. However, the majority of people are being deprived of the necessity to think and to find solutions to complex situations on a daily basis. Human beings as a whole are becoming much less intelligent than their ancestors. 




周凤鸣  山东大学






Losing or Gaining, That is a Question

"The Technological Revolution", as we put it, is the new era we human being is being involved in. It is featured with enormous information flow, instantaneous emergence of new intentions and seemingly edged-out workforce. Compared with our ancestors who explored the world with bare hands, it seems that we have become "lazier" nowadays. Indeed, artificial intelligence has taken over some of our workplaces now. However, from my perspective, human beings have not become less intelligent since it is us who let technology liberate us from doing the tedious work and also us who are capable of taking it back.

The heating wave of "technology intrusion" into the workforce is actually allocation of human resources. Labor work has developed as long as the history has gone, whereas if we take a closer look, we can see the general trend has always been "liberating human beings". For instance, the transportation of human beings basically has gone through three stages—by foot, by animals and then by wheels or even wings. And so is the underlying rationale of the artificial intelligence. The "intelligence" contained therein are different from that of human beings, the former of which derived from and is created to serve the latter. Being the creatures evolved with the highest intelligence in the world, we bear the responsibility to facilitate the earth achieve sustainable development, which requires us to allocate human resources effectively. There are loads of work that cannot be done by machines. For example, language has become less and less a barrier for people all over the world thanks to the powerful translation apps. However, in important meetings, the instantaneous interpreters are all human beings with no exception. It is because the apps cannot achieve the same precision and delicacy as people do and thereby cannot deliver the exact intent of the speakers. As such, human beings are irreplaceable. The discrepancy we see in people's seemingly lack of skills is essentially reallocation of mind resources.

Next, technology is designed to further human beings' potential. Our history is the history of grappling with limited capability and exploration of infinite potential. And that is also the silver lining of technology. In 2019, an African athlete succeeded in breaking the record of 2 hours in Male Marathon, becoming the quickest ever marathoner. This is incredibly exciting because two hours has long been considered as a human extreme and he made it. Excited and beyond words, we have to look behind the winning scenes—this record was achieved by both human and technology. To prepare for this competition, a sportswear giant had prepared a pair of special shoes for him, being designed with the latest technology, perfectly fit for his foot, boosting his bouncing energy and sharing the pressure when he stepped down. Meanwhile, a team of athletes "escorted" him all the way, with one running in front to break winds and several running around his side. This is not the only case. Currently, China has stood out in the field of supercomputer. Its computing capability is something that human minds can never reach, which greatly facilitates our exploration in aerospace and in many other fields. Therefore, it can be reasonably inferred that with the aid of technology, we human beings get to overcome our shortages and achieve one another "impossibility".

Admittedly, it appears that people nowadays are less sophisticated in basic skills, but being less intelligent? That is not the case. The reason why human beings were great at these skills in the old days is that they had no choice, whereas the point of their hardworking is to develop the "replacements" so that they can focus on more demanding and important works. Right now, it is unnecessary for you and I to expel energy on works that machines can do, but whenever we want to remaster these skills, we can. Times has changed. Everyday we are unearthing an idiosyncratic mix of new exploration. Mark Zuckerburg is creating a "Metaverse", a futuristic world where people can live their life without physically movement or contact. Microsoft is gradually cutting off its traditional developing chain to turn to artificial intelligence. And Apple Inc, another tech giant, is also endeavoring to catch up with the "intelligent" pace by setting foot in virtual reality design. Just like our ancestors living thousands of years ago could not fantasize about computer now, we cannot tell what our world is directing with advanced artificial intelligence. But the one thing for sure is that it is going to be great. All we need is a bit of self-control, a bit of reflection and a dose of clarity.

In all, technology is not encompassing but rather, one-sided, yet that is exactly why it has so far served perfectly well in their intended place set by human beings. It is also an evincing fact that with the aid of technology, we have more freedom, more capability and more advantages. Looking back, human have gone through three revolutions, and now we are experiencing a brand new one. Hence, let us recapture our inborn courage to embrace the advancing technology. Losing or gaining, just go and see.

(为真实展示选手赛场上的写作风貌,文章为从iTEST 智能测评云平台中摘出的原生作品,仅供学习分享使用。)









     从Unity方面来看,文章结构完整清晰。首段以技术革命引出话题背景,并能从一定程度上回应所给篇章中的论点,即“Compared with our ancestors who explored the world with bare hands, it seems that we have become 'lazier' nowadays. Indeed, artificial intelligence has taken over some of our workplaces now.” 这部分也是一个有效的让步,作者在认同文章观点合理性的同时,使用一个转折明确提出个人立场“human beings have not become less intelligent since…”。文章主体的三个段落分别阐述和讨论了三个分论点:第一,工作当中的技术干预主要是智力资源再分配;第二,技术开发的主要目的是进一步开发人类的潜能;第三,手工技能的退化并不代表人类智慧的倒退。最后结尾重述立场,认可技术进步给人类带来的益处,以及未来的更多可能性。


    从Coherence方面看,段落主题句和结尾句自然呼应,语意过渡自然,有一定读者意识(reader awareness)。文章题目“Losing or Gaining, That is a Question”能在结尾段得到呼应。